Comments Off on How To Assemble Hoses And Seals With P-80® Temporary Rubber Lubricants
Cars, trucks, buses, locomotives, motorcycles, boats, airplanes, refrigerators, dishwashers, washers and dryers, pumps, construction equipment, conveyor belts, cable assemblies, and machines…What do all of these familiar items have in common?
All of them are composed of countless rubber parts that help them function properly and efficiently. Have you ever considered all of the uses for rubber hoses and seals? Without hoses, seals, grommets, O-rings and so many other rubber parts, most everyday items would leak, fall apart or otherwise malfunction.
Since rubber parts play such an integral role in product function and design, manufacturers have to be careful to assemble them properly to avoid problems down the line. While this sounds simple enough in theory, the reality is that assembling rubber parts can be quite difficult.
The slip-resistant nature of rubber makes it difficult to install, cut, remove or manipulate. Improper part alignment or installation can lead to part failure and safety issues. Repair and installation of rubber parts can take considerable physical effort and time.
Temporary assembly lubricants help solve this problem. When applied to rubber parts, temporary assembly lubricants reduce friction during assembly to make installation easier. Once dry the slipping action goes away and parts stay in place.
What is the best way to apply temporary lubricants to rubber parts? Brushing, sponging, spraying, dunking and dipping are all effective manual application methods. Since each assembly process is unique, the best method is often based on personal preference.
Watch this short video for International Products Corporation’s (IPC) suggestions for assembling hoses and seals with P-80® temporary assembly lubricants:
P-80 temporary assembly lubricants are water-based and do not contain alcohol or petroleum distillates, so they will not cause rubber to swell, dry out or harden. And, they do not contain silicon or other persistent ingredients, so once dry the slipping action goes away and parts stay in place. P-80 lubricants are free of hazardous ingredients, making them safe for workers and the environment. Most P-80 products are biodegradable.
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Did You Know? P-80 Fun Facts…
Major manufacturing companies have used P-80 lubricants for years for the assembly of engine mounts, bumpers, seals, belts, bushings, O-rings, hoses, grommets, grips, plugs, moldings, tires and many other rubber or soft plastic engineered parts.
Did you know that you can help your customers to easily install those same parts? Simply include a tube of P-80 along with the parts in replacement and repair kits!
The slip-resistant nature of rubber makes it difficult to install, cut, remove or manipulate. Improper part alignment or installation can lead to part failure and safety issues. Repair and installation of rubber parts can take considerable physical effort and time.
What is P-80?
P-80 temporary assembly lubricants reduce friction during rubber assembly to make it easier to install parts. They are water-based and do not contain alcohol or petroleum distillates, so they will not cause rubber to swell, dry out or harden. P-80 lubricants do not contain silicon or other persistent ingredients, so once dry the slipping action goes away and parts stay in place. And, P-80 lubricants are free of hazardous ingredients, making them safe for workers and the environment. Most P-80 products are biodegradable.
P-80 temporary assembly lubricants are available in six different water-based formulas, so you can find the product that’s right for your assembly needs. There are even two special formulas that are registered with the NSF as H1 lubricants approved for incidental food contact applications.
A Win-Win Solution
P-80 is available in re-sealable 10 mL tubes that are perfect for inclusion in kits for repair or replacement parts. Companies that include P-80 in kits have found that less damage occurs to their products during repair or installation, saving money in the long run. Their customers are happy because the installation of the part is much easier. Since the tube is re-sealable, it can be used multiple times after opening.
Many jobs can benefit from the reduced friction and increased safety provided by P-80 temporary rubber assembly lubricants. Use P-80 to install or replace seals, grommets, hoses, valves, belts, bushings, grips, bearings, boots, bumpers, engine mounts, fuel lines, moldings, O-rings, wire harnesses, sleeves, gaskets and tires. Any time you encounter rubber parts…P-80 can help!
Comments Off on 10 Things To Know When Choosing An Assembly Lubricant
What is a Lubricant?
A lubricant is a material that reduces the friction between two surfaces making it easier for them to move across each other. Lubricity measures the reduction of friction that results from using a lubricant. A higher percentage of lubricity indicates a greater reduction of force.
Dry force is the amount of force required to insert a part without using a lubricant. Lubricated force is the amount of force required to insert a part after applying a lubricant. A force gauge meter can be used to measure the force (in newtons) needed to insert a part.
A lubricant should be used any time you need to decrease the friction between two surfaces.
10 Things To Know When Choosing An Assembly Lubricant
1. Temporary or Permanent Lubrication?
Some lubricants provide ongoing lubrication to keep parts moving over and over again. Machinery that consists of parts that must continually move or slide across each other will benefit from using a permanent lubricant to ensure they are operating properly.
Other lubricants provide temporary lubrication, reducing the friction between two parts for a short amount of time. After drying, the lubricity provided by a temporary lubricant is gone and the two parts will no longer slide easily across each other. Temporary lubricants are used for assembly and repair applications.
Rubber materials, in particular, are extremely slip-resistant, making them inherently difficult to install, remove, or otherwise manipulate – even when wet. This creates a challenge during the assembly and repair of rubber parts that can result in problems such as ill-fitting, misaligned or damaged parts, rolling O-rings, uneven cuts or worker injury. Temporary assembly lubricants can help prevent these problems.
2. How Much Lubrication Do You Need?
Sometimes you need a lot of lubrication, sometimes just a bit. Different lubricants will reduce friction by varying amounts depending upon their viscosity. Find a formula that is right for your application.
3. What are the Advantages of Temporary Assembly Lubricants?
Reduce Installation Force:
A thin film of lubricant applied to a part fills in any gaps, holes, or spaces between two separate surfaces, allowing them to slide across each other. By reducing the surface tension between the two surfaces, rubber parts can slide into place easily.
Design Parts with Better Tolerances:
When a lubricant is included in the design control process, mated parts can have lower tolerances because the characteristics of the lubricant are considered. Partnering with a lubrication engineer ensures the optimal lubricant is selected before production goes live.
Improve Product Performance:
Improper part alignment can lead to part failure and safety issues. Taking into consideration lubrication properties like dry time, material compatibility, any interfering residue and environmental conditions, will ensure that mated parts will work as anticipated.
Increase Production Rates:
Paring the optimal lubricant with the right application technique speeds up production.
Help to Avoid Worker Injuries:
Assembly lubricants ease the installation process of many parts. An increase in lubricity, even by small amounts, is greatly appreciated by line operators required to maintain strict cycle times. Inferior lubrication quickly leads to fatigue, muscle strain, injuries and lost work time.
4. What is the Dry Time of Your Temporary Lubricant?
Some temporary lubricants dry quickly while others take longer to fully dry.
Quick drying lubricants are frequently used in assembly applications in which the parts undergo pressure testing or movement shortly after assembly. In these cases, it’s important to have the part firmly in place before the next step in the assembly process.
Other assembly applications may take longer or the parts may need to be manipulated a few times before the assembly is complete. In these instances, you may benefit from a slower drying temporary lubricant.
Yet, in other assembly operations, achieving maximum lubrication may be the primary goal and the dry time of the lubricant is less important.
Manufacturers of temporary assembly lubricants should be able to advise you about methods of slightly altering the dry time of their lubricants based upon the amount applied, the method of application, part tolerance, material porosity, and temperature.
5. Can Temporary Lubricants be Used With All Types Of Surfaces?
It’s important to check the compatibility of any chemicals that will come in contact with your parts and equipment. What types of surfaces are they made of? Ask the lubricant manufacturer if their product is compatible with the specific type of rubber, metal and/or plastic found in your parts and equipment.
Lubricants will be absorbed more quickly by porous rubbers, like Buna-N and EPDM, than by plastics and coated rubbers. You may want to choose a quicker drying formula for less porous surfaces.
6. How Will You Apply the Lubricant?
Think about your assembly process and the parts that will need a temporary lubricant. What type of application method will work best for your unique process? Common methods of application include dunking and dipping parts, using brushes, sponges and sprays, and using automated solutions. Make sure the lubricant you choose will work well with the best application method for your unique situation.
7. Can They be Used for Food Manufacturing Equipment?
Food and beverage manufacturing is a highly regulated industry. Therefore, all parts and processes, including any lubricants that are used, must comply with federal regulations and industry standards. Look for specially formulated assembly lubricants that are registered with the NSF as H1 lubricants approved for incidental food contact applications.
8. Are They Safe?
Avoid using lubricants that can cause rubber parts to swell or dry out, like alcohol or petroleum-based products. Look for a product that is compatible with the parts it will come in contact with.
Be sure to also consider the environmental impact of any lubricants you are using. Look for products that are non-hazardous and non-flammable, making them safe for workers and the environment. Many assembly lubricants are biodegradable.
Choose an assembly lubricant that will work well, yet meet all of your safety requirements and federal regulations.
9. Is it Possible to Arrange a Trial?
Many lubricant manufacturers will offer free samples for testing. Testing enables you to run trials for your unique assembly application and choose the product that will best meet your needs.
10. Will the Manufacturer Offer Support?
In addition to their willingness to offer free product samples for testing, look for a supplier that can offer technical guidance and provide a variety of products to solve your assembly requirements. The manufacturer should be able to assist you by providing material compatibility studies, insertion force measurement testing, toxicology reports, regulatory compliance, free product samples, and technical support.
With careful thought and planning, you can find a lubricant that meets all of your specifications. When choosing a lubricant for your assembly application consider the amount of lubricity required, surface compatibility, dry time, application methods, chemical composition and safety of the product.
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The O-ring…the little part that plays a big role!
“What are the parts of a car?” Most people will answer with “engine, thermostat, radiator, water pump, battery, alternator, ignition, steering wheel, tires, windows, doors, and seat belts”. Not too many people will mention O-rings. But, O-rings play an integral role in the manufacturing and operation of vehicles of all kinds, as well as most other everyday items such as appliances, pumps, and medical devices.
What Are O-rings?
An O-ring is “a loop of elastomer with a round cross-section, designed to be seated in a groove and compressed during assembly between two or more parts, creating a seal at the interface.” (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/O-ring). Like the name implies, an O-ring is a round, rubber ring. O-rings are used to create a tight seal between assembled parts to prevent fluids or air from passing from one part to another. The simple little O-ring is often one of the most important components in finished goods. Without properly installed O-rings leaks and product failures could occur.
Common Installation Problems
O-rings need to be properly installed to do their job and function properly. When installed correctly, O-rings can prevent leaks and add to the service life of the component. Incorrectly installed O-rings may cause leakage resulting in part damage, requiring taking apart and reassembling the component. Some common problems that occur during O-ring installation include tears, twisting and turning, and overstretching.
5 Guidelines for Installing O-rings
Installing O-rings properly at the outset saves time and money in the long run. These installation tips can help you avoid problems that may cause application issues down the road.
Size Matters: Use the right size O-ring for each unique assembly. O-rings that are too small are more prone to tearing and breakage. O-rings that are too large will not provide an adequate seal.
Avoid Overstretching: Each O-ring has a maximum stretch point. Overstretching can cause O-rings to break or tear during assembly or use. Engineers need to ensure that the stretch does not go beyond the maximum elongation of the O-ring. It’s also important to stretch the O-ring evenly, not just on one side or the other. In general, try to stretch the O-ring as little as possible for a tighter fit.
Slide, Don’t Roll: Rolling an O-ring down a shaft for installation leads to spiraling. Spiral wound O-rings cannot be properly installed and their functionality will be limited. This can result in leaks and/or damage to the finished assembly. Sliding the O-ring into place, rather than rolling it, helps avoid spiraling. Using a lubricant helps the O-ring slide easily into place.
Ease O-rings Over Threads: O-rings are often mated with threaded parts. The threads can easily tear the rubber O-rings. Covering the threads with masking tape during installation and using an assembly lubricant can help protect the O-ring from nicks and tears.
Keep Away From Sharp Edges: Some mated parts may also have sharp corners or edges that can damage O-rings. Sometimes these tears are so small they are not visible, resulting in leakage problems later on. Avoid forcing O-rings onto sharp corners and edges. Lubricating the O-rings makes it easier to slide them into place.
Overall, it’s best to avoid using excess force while installing O-rings. Using an assembly lubricant helps ensure that many of the above problems are avoided.
Using a lubricant for O-ring assembly can prevent tears, twisting, pinching, cutting and abrasion of the rubber. A thin film of lubricant applied to the O-ring fills in any gaps, holes, or spaces between the O-ring and the mated part, allowing them to slide across each other. By reducing the surface tension between the two surfaces, the O-ring can slide into place easily, providing a tight fit.
Achieve closer fits by helping to properly seat the O-ring
Aid automated assemblies
Improve product performance and reduce failures
Increase production rates
Help avoid worker injuries
Types of O-ring Lubricants
There are numerous types of lubricants that can be used to install O-rings. Some common choices include soap and water, petroleum distillates, solvents and ester based products. Many traditional choices may cause damage to the rubber O-ring or present safety concerns.
For example, petroleum based products can cause rubber to swell or dry out. Solvents provide poor lubrication, contain high VOCs, may be flammable, and pose possible health risks. Soap and water, while safe, provides inconsistent, nominal lubrication and may reactivate when wet causing problems after assembly.
Ester based lubricants are an ideal solution. They provide excellent reduction in friction, offer temporary lubrication, and are safe for both workers and the environment.
Here is a comparison of some common lubricant choices:
So, how do you choose the right product? Consider these factors:
P-80® Temporary Rubber Assembly Lubricants are an excellent choice for O-ring assembly. P-80® lubricants significantly reduce friction helping rubber parts slide easily into place. And, they do not contain any hazardous ingredients, making them safe for workers and the environment. P-80’s unique, water-based formula is temporary; once dry, P-80 stops lubricating and parts remain in place.
O-ring installation without lubrication:
O-ring installation using P-80:
Installing O-rings doesn’t have to be a struggle. Remember, these small rubber parts can make or break the functionality of your finished assembly. Take the time to install them properly and use a temporary assembly lubricant to aid the process and protect the part.
Contact International Products Corporation to learn more about using P-80 Rubber Lubricants for O-ring assembly.
Have an O-ring you need to install? Request a free sample for testing
Comments Off on What’s The Proper Way to Handle and Store P-80® Lubricants?
P-80® temporary rubber assembly lubricants decrease the installation force needed to install rubber parts, enabling them to slide easily into place. These lubricants provide a high degree of lubricity when wet, but once dry the slipping action goes away. P-80 lubricants are used throughout the automotive, appliance, pump, aerospace, bus & truck, wire & cable, heavy equipment, agriculture, rail, and marine industries.
All P-80 lubricants are environmentally friendly, non-hazardous and non-flammable, making them safe for workers and most plastics, rubbers and metals. But, as with any product, it’s important to follow proper procedures for usage, handling and storage.
P-80 storage and handling guidelines:
Store P-80 at temperatures between 2°C – 30°C (36°F – 86°F)
Do not store outdoors in direct sunlight during warm weather
Store in original sealed container when not in use
Do not allow P-80 to freeze
Use oldest material first for proper inventory control
Use the lot number to determine the date of manufacture
Work area and equipment should be cleaned after each use
Excess P-80 can be wiped away with soap and water
All equipment should be thoroughly cleaned and sanitized at least once a month
Cleaning frequency should be adjusted based on the following:
Temperature of the work environment
Cleanliness of the plant
Frequency and length of downtime
Once a preventative maintenance program is established, the system will remain effective and problem free.
Set yourself up for success! Follow these simple guidelines for use and discover how P-80 can ease your rubber assembly applications. P-80 is classified as non-hazardous according to GHS, making it safe for workers and the environment. In fact, most P-80 formulas are biodegradable. Refer to the individual product SDS’s and the P-80 standard operating procedures for more details.
Learn more about P-80 lubricants here. Or contact one of IPC’s technical specialists for assistance.
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Pumps and seals perform vital functions in food and beverage processing plants. Using the right assembly lubricant for pump maintenance makes all the difference.
Manufacturing facilities strive to keep operations running smoothly and effectively at all times. This is true for all types of plants, whether they manufacture industrial products or foods and beverages. While many factors contribute to achieving this goal, one simple way to help reach this objective is to perform regular equipment maintenance. Most plants use a variety of different types of pumps. Maintaining and replacing pump seals on a regular basis helps to ensure that systems continue to function efficiently.
Replacing standard pump components, such as seals, O-rings, and other rubber parts, can often lead to frustration because the slip resistant nature of rubber makes it difficult to install, cut, remove or manipulate. Parts may roll or tear. Repair and installation can take considerable physical effort and time. In addition, improper part alignment or installation can lead to part failure and safety issues.
Pumps play an extremely important role in food and beverage manufacturing. They are used for fermentation, separation, evaporation, homogenization, filtration, processing and dosing. Mechanical seals are frequently used to help ensure that no contaminants enter the processing system.
Mechanical seals help to minimize leaks, avoid flow irregularities and maintain product integrity. They can help prevent the transfer of ingredients from one product to the next, and prevent formation of deposits inside the pump that can develop into mold or bacteria, causing contamination.
Food processing plants have added concerns that must be considered. Food and beverage manufacturing is a highly regulated industry. Therefore, all parts and processes must comply with federal regulations and industry standards. Mechanical seals need to be made of food grade materials, and all lubricants used for seal maintenance must also be approved for incidental food contact applications.
Properly functioning pumps help plant managers in food and beverage manufacturing plants address the following concerns and challenges:
• Safe and hygienic processing
• Quality standards
• Product integrity
• Regulatory compliance
• Risks of contaminants entering the system
• Avoidance of trace ingredients and impurities during manufacturing
Just like in industrial settings, pumps used in the food industry should be well maintained to avoid costly repairs and minimize downtime. Maintenance procedures must meet strict FDA and USDA requirements.
Using the proper assembly lubricant can turn a difficult chore into an easy task. Many jobs can benefit from the reduced friction and increased safety provided by an assembly lubricant. They are the perfect solution for pump and seal repairs and have been used for years by plant managers to maintain equipment and replace parts such as mechanical seals, O-rings, hoses, grommets, and plugs.
Temporary rubber assembly lubricants can:
Reduce Installation Force: A thin film of lubricant allows rubber surfaces to slide across each other. By reducing the surface tension between two surfaces, lubricants help rubber parts slide easily into place. Once dry the lubrication is gone, resulting in a tight fitting assembly. Achieve Closer Fits: Engineers can design lower tolerance parts. The force needed to install the parts when a lubricant is used is greatly reduced. Since the lubrication is only temporary, once dry, the parts stay in place resulting in a tight fit. Improve Product Performance: Improper part alignment can lead to part failure and safety issues. Using a rubber assembly lubricant, which enables the parts to slide easily into place, can solve these problems by reducing or eliminating damage to parts. Increase Production Rates: Applying an assembly lubricant to the rubber part makes the rubber slippery, so parts can easily slide into place. After the lubricant dries, the lubricity goes away and mated parts maintain a tight fit. The assembly process becomes more productive. Help to Avoid Worker Injuries: Lubricants reduce the insertion force needed for rubber assembly. Workers can more easily push parts into place, reducing the amount of musculoskeletal, slippage, and repetitive stress related injuries that can be caused by using too much force to insert a rubber part.
There are many types of lubricants available, so how does a plant manager choose the right one for the job? It’s important to consider the performance and safety of each to make the right choice.
Types of lubricants:
Solvents offer poor lubrication (as compared to other choices). More importantly, these substances may be flammable and pose various safety risks. They may also dry out the rubber parts. Soaps and Detergents offer nominal lubricity but can reactivate later on when wet, causing parts to move when they need to remain stationary. Petroleum Distillates are often not compatible with rubber parts causing them to swell. The lubrication is not temporary. Specially Formulated Ester Based Products offer temporary lubrication providing excellent reduction in friction. These lubricants are safe for the environment, the parts and the workers.
Plant managers need to choose a lubricant that will work well, yet meet all safety requirements and federal regulations. They must also consider variables unique to their specific needs such as surface compatibility, dry time, conductivity and chemical composition of the lubricant.
Specially formulated, temporary rubber assembly lubricants are a preferred choice. They have a consistent composition, favorable compatibility with most surfaces and are not harmful to the environment. In fact, many of these lubricants are biodegradable. Food and beverage processing facilities must also be sure to use specially formulated temporary assembly lubricants that meet federal regulations and are approved for incidental food contact applications.
Many food and beverage processing plants rely on P-80® Temporary Rubber Assembly Lubricants to help with pump maintenance. P-80 lubricants enable rubber parts to slide easily into place with minimal force. Once dry, P-80 stops lubricating and parts remain in place, resulting in a tight fit. Since P-80 does not contain silicon or any other persistent ingredients, once dry the slipping action goes away. P-80® Emulsion IFC and P-80® THIX IFC meet FDA regulation 21 CFR 178.3570 and are NSF-Registered as H1 lubricants. Both are biodegradable and non-toxic, ideal for use in incidental food contact applications when a thin film of lubricant is desired.
The next time you’re having trouble replacing a pump seal, inserting a grommet, or pushing a hose into place, try using a temporary rubber assembly lubricant. See how much easier the job becomes.
P-80 lubricants are water-based and do not contain alcohol or petroleum distillates, so they will not cause rubber to swell, dry out or harden. P-80 does not contain silicon or other persistent ingredients, so once dry the slipping action goes away and parts stay in place.
P-80 lubricants do not contain any hazardous ingredients, making them safe for workers and the environment. Most P-80 products are biodegradable.
Emulsion? THIX? Grip-It? RediLube? … What’s the Difference?
All P-80 products provide temporary lubrication needed to reduce friction during rubber assembly to make it easier to install parts. Since each assembly application is unique, IPC has developed different P-80 formulas so workers can choose the product that will work best for their particular application.
P-80® Emulsion is a biodegradable blend of synthetic esters and water. P-80 Emulsion provides a thin film of lubrication to significantly reduce friction when assembling rubber or soft plastic parts.
P-80® THIX is a biodegradable, non-drip thixotropic gel that remains where it is applied without dripping. P-80 THIX is especially useful in overhead and vertical assembly applications, and when prolonged drying times are desired.
P-80® Grip-It provides lubricity to ease rubber assembly operations and then dries quickly to allow the natural tight fit of rubber to return. P-80 Grip-it leaves a tacky finish to help parts stay in place. Excellent for use on pressure-tested hoses.
P-80® RediLube is a biodegradable, quick-drying, low residue formula. P-80 RediLube dries quickly and completely, making it ideal for use on parts with low surrounding air flow and on non-porous and coated rubber and soft plastic parts.
P-80® Emulsion IFC and P-80® THIX IFC®: Both lubricants are registered with NSF for use in USDA H1 applications and meet FDA regulation 21 CFR 178.3570, which controls lubricants used for incidental food contact applications.
P-80 Emulsion IFC: Has the same lubricating properties as P-80 Emulsion but it is specially formulated for use in incidental food contact applications. Typical applications include assembly of appliances, pumps, and food-processing equipment.
P-80 THIX IFC: Has similar properties to P-80 THIX but is formulated for use in incidental food contact applications. P-80 THIX IFC is a thixotropic gel that remains where it is applied without dripping, making it especially useful in overhead and vertical applications.
Which P-80 is right for my application?
Each P-80 formula has unique properties designed to meet the needs of specific types of rubber and soft plastic assembly applications. Consider these factors to figure out which P-80 product will work best for your application:
Specifications for each P-80 formula are listed in the chart below.
For some assemblies, only one P-80 formula may resolve the assembly challenge. In many instances, more than one P-80 formula might work well. The choice is often based on user preference.
Want more information about temporary rubber assembly lubricants, including how to use them and assistance in determining which P-80 formula will best serve your needs? Download IPC’s free P-80 webinar. Or contact our technical team to help you find the best solution for your assembly needs.